Jurisdiction in International Law
This fully updated second edition of Jurisdiction in International Law examines the international law of jurisdiction, focusing on the areas of law where jurisdiction is most contentious: criminal, antitrust, securities, discovery, and international humanitarian and human rights law. Since F.A. Mann's work in the 1980s, no analytical overview has been attempted of this crucial topic in international law: prescribing the admissible geographical reach of a State's laws. This new edition includes new material on personal jurisdiction in the U.S., extraterritorial applications of human rights treaties, discussions on cyberspace, the Morrison case. Jurisdiction in International Law has been updated covering developments in sanction and tax laws, and includes further exploration on transnational tort litigation and universal civil jurisdiction. The need for such an overview has grown more pressing in recent years as the traditional framework of the law of jurisdiction, grounded in the principles of sovereignty and territoriality, has been undermined by piecemeal developments. Antitrust jurisdiction is heading in new directions, influenced by law and economics approaches; new EC rules are reshaping jurisdiction in securities law; the U.S. is arguably overreaching in the field of corporate governance law; and the universality principle has gained ground in European criminal law and U.S. tort law. Such developments have given rise to conflicts over competency that struggle to be resolved within traditional jurisdiction theory. This study proposes an innovative approach that departs from the classical solutions and advocates a general principle of international subsidiary jurisdiction. Under the new proposed rule, States would be entitled, and at times even obliged, to exercise subsidiary jurisdiction over internationally relevant situations in the interest of the international community if the State having primary jurisdiction fails to assume its responsibility.
Jurisdiction in International Law
This series brings together published journal articles in international law as determined by the editors of each volume in the series. The proliferation of law, specialist journals, the increase in international materials and the use of the internet has maeant that it is increasingly difficult for students and legal scholars to have access to the relevant articles. In addition each volume contains an informative introduction which provides an overview of the subject matter and justification of why the articles were collected. This series contains collections of articles in a manner that is of use for both teaching and research.
Universal Jurisdiction in Modern International Law
This study is based on the following questions: Which Jurisdiction can and should be exercised for the prosecution of individuals responsible for gross and serious violations of human rights? And especially, in this regard, what is the role of universal jurisdiction? In explaining the modern jurisdictional regime, this study illuminates the historical phenomenon of the 'expansion' of jurisdiction in Chapter II, and conducts in-depth research particularly into universal jurisdiction in Chapter III and IV. This study explicates the notion of universal jurisdiction in history and in theory, categorizing its nature by two aspects (permissive or obligatory, and supplemental or primary), and underscores the differences between ordinary universal jurisdiction and universal jurisdiction in absentia. Having made an analysis on the legality of jurisdiction, this study has proceeded to examine the appropriateness of exercising jurisdiction. Noting the danger of conflicts of jurisdiction, Chapter V attempts to compile some guiding rules that can be utilised in determining the appropriateness of jurisdiction, thus answering the question of 'Which jurisdiction should be exercised?'. Chapter VI then applies these guiding rules to non-territorial jurisdiction, namely universal jurisdiction. The observations deduced from the application of the guiding rules demonstrates, together with the analysis of the legality of universal jurisdiction in Chapter IV, the role of universal jurisdiction within the modern jurisdictional regime.
Research Handbook on Jurisdiction and Immunities in International Law
This Research Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of the international law of jurisdiction and immunities, illustrating those aspects in which the law of jurisdiction and law of immunities are mutually interdependent, as well as shedding light on the implications of that interdependence. With authoritative contributions from recognized experts, it offers an impartial perspective on the applicable international law, independent from any positions held in governmental or other institutional circles. Authoritative and well-structured, the book covers all major topics in relation to jurisdiction and immunities, such as conceptual justifications for jurisdiction and immunities, extra-territorial jurisdiction, types of available immunities, normative basis for jurisdiction and immunity claims in various types of judicial proceedings. It explores the complex questions arising when a state asserts its jurisdiction over persons that are based abroad, or are not that state’s citizens, or otherwise have no connection with that state, as well as how tensions are further heightened when one state tries to assert jurisdiction, in its own courts, over another state or an international organization such as the UN. This much-needed Handbook will appeal strongly to academic researchers and postgraduate students. Civil servants and employees of international organizations and NGOs will also find it an invaluable resource.
Compulsory Jurisdiction in International Law
The system of optional clause declarations is a unique regime of compulsory jurisdiction based on the two World Courts� Statutes. This timely book offers a wide-ranging academic survey of the developments of that system, the theoretical and procedural
Universal Jurisdiction in International Criminal Law
With the sensational arrest of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet in 1998, the rise to prominence of universal jurisdiction over crimes against international law seemed to be assured. The arrest of Pinochet and the ensuing proceedings before the UK courts brought universal jurisdiction into the foreground of the "fight against impunity" and the principle was read as an important complementary mechanism for international justice –one that could offer justice to victims denied an avenue by the limited jurisdiction of international criminal tribunals. Yet by the time of the International Court of Justice’s Arrest Warrant judgment four years later, the picture looked much bleaker and the principle was being read as a potential tool for politically motivated trials. This book explores the debate over universal jurisdiction in international criminal law, aiming to unpack a practice in which international lawyers continue to disagree over the concept of universal jurisdiction. Using Martti Koskenniemi’s work as a foil, this book exposes the argumentative techniques in operation in national and international adjudication since the 1990s. Drawing on overarching patterns within the debate, Aisling O’Sullivan argues that it is bounded by a tension between contrasting political preferences or positions, labelled as moralist ("ending impunity") and formalist ("avoiding abuse") and she reads the debate as a movement of hegemonic and counter-hegemonic positions that struggle for hegemonic control. However, she draws out how these positions (moralist/formalist) merge into one another and this produces a tendency towards a "middle" position that continues to prefer a particular preference (moralist or formalist). Aisling O’Sullivan then traces the transformation towards this tendency that reflects an internal split among international lawyers between building a utopia ("court of humanity") and recognizing its impossibility of being realized.
Jurisdiction in International Litigation
Transport and communications technologies have made international disputes common, and a frequent practical issue is which country or countries have jurisdiction to resolve the dispute. Existing literature on private international law tends to emphasize choice of law rather than jurisdiction. Cases tend to show that the practical significance of Jurisdiction has yet to be appreciated. This groundbreaking book fills in these gaps and offers a critical analysis of the principles and the theoretical foundations applied to resolve private international jurisdictional disputes and of the manner in which those principles are applied in practice by: Describing the context in which international jurisdiction disputes are determined Explaining and critically analysing the principles of jurisdiction Explaining and critically analysing the manner in which the principles are applied Identifying the interests which motivate principles and the courts’ application of the principles Recommending reforms to the principles by demonstrating that the existing principles of jurisdiction are flawed, and ought to be reformed by taking into account the law’s objectives, defined by relevance to state and private interests.
Declining Jurisdiction in Private International Law
The subject of declining jurisdiction in private international law is one of enormous practical importance and academic interest. It is also a topic where a comparative approach is particularly revealing. This book contains the 17 national reports and the general report on the subject of`Rules for declining to exercise jurisdiction: Forum Non Conveniens, Lis Pendens'. The Reports were held in Athens/Delphi in August 1994. The list of nations for which a report has been prepared is as follows: Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Quebec, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece,Israel, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden, Switzerland, and USA.This book by bringing together all the reports on `Declining Jurisdiction' provides a unique insight into this topic, and, dealing as it does with a key aspect of private international law, fits very well into the Oxford series of monographs on private international law.
The Doctrine of Jurisdiction in International Law
Frederick Alexander Mann A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de The Doctrine of Jurisdiction in International Law Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
The essays in this collection explore the various ways in which a number of key European and International legal institutions attempt to define the boundaries of jurisdictional competence. The principle questions which are addressed are: (a) Does the relevant institution have a jurisdictional competence adequate to the challenges that it faces? (b) What are the parameters that bear upon the exercise of a particular jurisdictional competence? (c) What are the effects,positive or negative, of extending, restraining or creating a particular jurisdictional competence on those subject to its jurisdiction, other actors and the rule of law itself? Examples of the institutions covered in this book are the Security Council, the European Court of Justice, NATO, the International Court of Justice and the State.Contents: 1. Introduction; (A) Theoretical Approaches to the Assertion of Jurisdiction 2. Jurisdiction: The State - Frank Berman; 3. New Wine in Old Bottles or Old Wine in New Bottles or Only Old Wine in Old Bottles? Reflections on the Assertion of Jurisdiction in Public International Law - Iain Scobbie; 4. The Exercise of Jurisdiction in Private International Law - Jonathan Hill; (B) Approaches to the Assertion of Jurisdiction Political Bodies: 5. National Law, International Law and EU Law - How do they Relate? - Trevor Hartley; 6. The Member States' Competence and Jurisdiction under the EU/EC Treaties - Stephen Hyett; 7. Competition Law in a Globalized Marketplace: Beyond Jurisdiction - Brenda Sufrin; 8. The Jurisdiction of the Security Council: Original Intention and New World Order(s) - Colin Warbrick; 9. Jurisdiction, NATO and the Kosovo Conflict - Christopher Greenwood; (C) Approaches to the Assertion of Jurisdiction by Adjudicative Bodies: 10. Approaches of Domestic Courts to the Assertion of International Jurisdiction - Hazel Fox; 11. Assertion of Jurisdiction by the International Court of Justice - Abdul Koroma; 12. Approaches to the Assertion of International Jurisdiction: The Human Rights Committee - Dominic McGoldrick; 13. Some Problems of Compulsory Jurisdiction before Specialised Tribunals: The Law of the Sea - Alan Boyle;15 Activism and Restraint in the European Court of Justice - Stephen Weatherill; 14. The Assertion of Jurisdiction by the European Court of Justice - John Usher.